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    Table of Contents
  • Introduction
  • Science
  • Torah
  • A Great Light
  • Color

  • A Great Light

    There is only one other verse in the entire Bible in which the word "light" (or) appears twice:

    The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light; they who dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them has the light shined9.

    The Prophets elucidate the Torah, and this is an extremely elegant example of this. The verse in the Torah that this verse from the Prophets elucidates is:

    And G-d said, "Let there be light"; and there was light.

    Before G-d created light, it was preceeded by darkness. The nation spoken of in the prophetic verse is the Jewish People, which he speaks of as "walking…in the land." "Land" is an allusion to Israel: "And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And a wind from G-d moved upon the face of the waters.10"

    Suddenly the nation sees "a great light." What is this great light? When the alef of or (, light) is 1,000. Those who merit this great light are those who walked in darkness, the light that is revealed from darkness is 1206, not just 207. The verse continues: "upon them has the light shined." Another occurrence of the idiom of "shining light" is:

    But the path of the just is like the shining light, that shines more and more until full day11.

    The term for "shining" (nogah) is itself actually one of the synonyms for "light" in the Bible. In this context, it is the spiritual force which transforms darkness to light. Another verse that reinforces this idea is:

    For You will light my candle; G-d my G-d will enlighten [yagiah, from nogah] my darkness12.

    To enlighten the darkness is to take the darkness within oneself and transform it into light. In other words, the "great light" (or gadol) is the direct light (or yashar) descending from Heaven down to mankind. The "shining light" (or nogah) is the reflected light (or chozer) ascending from below to Heaven. In the verse from the Torah, "let there be light" is direct light, while "and there was light" is reflected light. Reflected light is the actualization of potential, just as a watermelon is dark on the inside until it is opened and the potential of its red color becomes actualized. Thus, "upon them has the light shined" relates back to the verse "let there be light," which is reflected light. We shall discuss further on that reflected light is the inner dimension of color.

    Recalling that 207 is the numerical value of the word for "light" (or, ) and also the product of 9 * 23 (radiance), we note some other phenomena.

    The phrase

    The people who walked in darkness have seen a great light

    possesses 6 words and 23 letters, exactly as does the verse

    And G-d said, "Let there be light"; and there was light.

    Two other important verses relating to light possess 6 words and 23 letters:

    O house of Jacob, come, and let us walk in the light of G-d13.

    Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart14.

    In fact, the word "light" appears only a few times in the Bible, so it quite amazing to see each verse follow the same pattern.

    In the first part of the verse from the Prophets, there are three words divisible by 23, the number we are associating with "light":

    Word Numerical valueFactors
    "the people" 1155 · 23
    "saw" 207 9 · 23
    "light" 207 9 · 23
    Total 23 · 23 or 232

    In the second part there are two words divisible by 23:

    Word Numerical valueFactors
    "those who dwell"322 14 · 23
    "light" 207 9 · 23
    Total 23 · 23 or 232

    We see that each part of the verse relates elegantly to 23, which is the largest prime factor of 207, which in turn is the numerical equivalent of the word for "light."


    9. Isaiah 9:1.
    10. Genesis 1:2.
    11. Proverbs 4:18.
    12. Psalms 18:29.
    13. Ibid. 2:5.
    14. Ibid. 97:11.

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